Blog Post #889 – Essar Steel Algoma Inc. Fined $100,000

Excerpt from the government of Ontario’s ‘Newsroom’

Essar Steel Algoma Inc. has been fined $100,000 after three workers were injured in a steam explosion at a blast furnace.

In late August of 2014, Essar was engaged in a planned maintenance outage at its steel mill in Sault Ste. Marie. One of the jobs for the outage was the relocation of cooling water piping for tuyeres (a type of nozzle used in furnaces and smelters) and coolers at its #7 blast furnace.

In order to facilitate the relocation of the cooling water piping, temporary piping was required to be installed so as to maintain the cooling systems while the new permanent piping was being put in place.

On August 27, 2014 a crew of workers was installing the temporary water piping when a steam explosion occurred due to a hose rupture. One worker received leg injuries; another worker received hand injuries; and a third worker received burns to the upper body.

An investigation by the Ministry of Labour determined that the cooling water had been turned off for a substantially long period of time. The normal practice was to keep one cooling circuit running while the other was being switched to the temporary piping supply; keeping one circuit running would have kept the temperature of the tuyere to an appropriate level.

Essar did not have a written procedure in place prior to the incident identifying which company or individuals had responsibility for turning off or on the relevant water supply.

It was also determined that the temporary piping system was installed incorrectly, improperly configuring the system. In addition, two valves were closed to allow work on leaks in the hose. Given the improperly-configured temporary piping system, the closing of the valves effectively created a closed container with a supply of water inside. Owing to the heat which had built up from the water supply to both circuits having been turned off, the steam that was created from the trapped supply of water caused a pressure build-up which exceeded the capacity of the hose, causing its rupture and the steam explosion.

Essar Steel Algoma Inc. pleaded guilty to failing to take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker – specifically, for failing to take the reasonable precaution of ensuring that water was not turned off at the main header before workers began running temporary bypass hoses. The company was fined $100,000 by Justice of the Peace Philip M. Stanghetta in Sault Ste. Marie court on June 8, 2016.

In addition to the fine, the court imposed a 25-per-cent victim fine surcharge as required by the Provincial Offences Act. The surcharge is credited to a special provincial government fund to assist victims of crime.

My opinion

The law(s) in contravention:

Essar Steel Algoma Inc. was found guilty of a contravention of the Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) section 25, subsection 2(h) which states,

“An employer shall,

(h) take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker.”

This is starting to become a regular occurrence. Please read blog posts #242 and #548. They have received fines of $575,000 plus a 25% victim fine surcharge which equals $143,750 for a total of $718,750. Of course, this is not including the latest fine of $100,000 and 25%. This company does a terrible job protecting their workforce. Too many accidents and not enough safety people to help develop a safety culture to deal with issues. Sound familiar?

One would think that the death of a few workers would drive safety changes in their facility but that does not seem to be the case. I would also wager that the ‘Safety Manager’ either is ineffective or is not recognized or given standing for the job he/she is prepared to do.

In my opinion, Essar needs to clean house and bring in more modern-types of management, especially, someone with ansafety background, that can deal with the operation of the mill without sacrificing safety. It can be done and many companies, most without convictions under the safety laws of Ontario, are finding a happy medium and give safety people the top priority.

Remember – In Ontario, “ALL Accidents are Preventable”

HRS Group Inc. has a great team that can help you with all your health and safety needs including ‘Due Diligence’ and ‘Standard Operating Procedures’. Contact Deborah toll free at 1-877-907-7744 or locally at 705-749-1259.

We can also be reached at 

‘Work’ and ‘Play’ safe.

Daniel L. Beal
CHSEP – Advanced Level
VP & Senior Trainer
HRS Group Inc.


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